One of the strongest advocates for the application of the Golden Ratio to art and architecture was the famous Swiss-French architect and Painter Le Corbusier.
Le Corbusier’s fascination with Aesthetics and with the Golden Ratio had two origins. On one hand, it was a consequence of his interest in basic forms and structures underlying natural phenomenon. On the other, coming from a family that encouraged musical education, Le Corbusier could appreciate that Pythagorean craving for a harmony achieved by number ratios. Le Corbusier’s search for a standardized proportion culminated in the introduction of a new proportional system called the “Modulor.”
The Modulor was supposed to provide “a harmonic measure to the human scale, universally applicable to architecture and mechanics.” In the spirit of Vitruvian man and the general philosophical commitment to discover a proportion system equivalent to that of natural creation, the Modulor was based on human proportions.